What was their
original name?
Where did
they live?
How long have
they been there?
What did they
eat?
What were their
ceremonies?
How are they affected by the border?



Yuma/Cocopa
quechan
colorado river in arizona, california and mexico
thousands of years
fish, corn, beans, pumpkins, rabbits
Had ceremonies that were large feasts
Cocopa live along the colorado river in Mexico, which is dammed in the us and river doesn't flow anymore



Pima/Papago
tohono o'dham, akimel o'odham
Gila River, Salt River, Yaqui River, and Sonora River in rancherĂ­a-style villages.
thousands of years
saguaro cactus fruit, beans, melon, squash, sugar cane
From ten until marriage they can't use there own name
Border cuts reservation in half, with a lot of police, border patrol, smugglers and immigrants going into the desert



Yaqui
yoeme
Sonora Arizona
Sonora, thousands of years;
Arizona, since late 1800s
corn, beans, squash, deer, fish
Has easter dances with masked men; also has deer dancers
Makes it hard for communities in Arizona and Sonora to have contact with each other.



Apache
Inde, dineh
Arizona, New Mexico, Texas
since 1500s
buffalo, deer, rabbit, corn, sqaush, beans
has ceremony for young girls in honor of Changing Woman where presents are given
The Lipan in Texas have had their lands stolen by the government to build a border wall



Kickapoo
Kiwigapawa
Indiana, Kansas, Texas, Coahuila
Ohio-Indiana for hundreds of years; moved to Kansas in 1830s, then to Mexico & Texas from 1830-1850s
buffalo, corn, squash, beans
Uses bundles and drums in their ceremonies
Mexican and American kickapoo are on opposite sides of the border, can't use english to talk to each other



Research Links:

How the border affects them:

Lipan Apache: http://deletetheborder.org/node/2522
Yuma-Cocopa: http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/11536/?mod=related
Yaqui: http://www.thepeoplespaths.net/articles/border.htm
O'odham: http://www.hrusa.org/indig/reports/Tohono.shtm

Apache:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apache
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lipan_Apache_people#History

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kickapoo_people

Pima/Papago
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akimel_O%27odham
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tohono_O%27odham

Yuma/Cocopa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quechan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cocopa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maricopa_people

Yaqui
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yaqui_people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pascua_Yaqui_Tribe

kickapoo:
http://www.texasindians.com/kickapoo.htm

legends

kickapoo http://www.native-languages.org/kickapoostory.htm
yuma http://www.pyramidmesa.com/yuma1.htm