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History of the border
How the border affects the tribes that live on the border now
Information about the Native American tribes that historically lived on the US-Mexico Border
Interview with Lupe from the yaqui tribe
The Pima Now
The Yaqui Now
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The Apache called themselves the Inde or Dineh. They lived in New Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. They used to have a large amount of land but now they have only a little bit. They have been there since the 1500s. They used to eat buffalo, rabbits, corn, squash, deer, and fish. They made a celebration for young girls turning into women (it's like a quinceañera). However, now the Apache in Texas have had their lands stolen by the government to build a border wall. If you want to know more about this, go to the
These are the Apache
Here's an Apache legend; it is about the creation of the world. In the beginning, there was no moon, no stars, no sun, only darkness. Suddenly a skinny disc (one side yellow and one side white) appeared out of nowhere. On it there was an old man rubbing his eyes. He was the Creator. Creator created Girl-Without-Parents by putting his hands on his sweaty face, rubbing them together, and then thrusting them out. Then he sang four times (which was a magic number), and created a Sun-God and a Small-Boy. Creator asked the four gods what he should make next. He said, "This cloud is much to small," so he created Tarantula, Big Dipper, Wind, Lightning-Maker, and some western clouds in which to house Lightning-Rumbler.
Creator sang, "Let's make earth." He sang four times. All four gods shook hands.
The sweat of the gods mixed and made a brown ball. Then Creator kicked it and it grew. Girl-Without-Parents kicked it and it expanded even more. Sun-God and Small-Boy also kicked it. They were hard kicks. Creator told Wind to go inside the ball and blow it up. Tarantula spun a black cord, a blue cord, a yellow cord, and a white cord (the black cord went east, the blue cord went south, the yellow cord went west, and the white cord went north). The gods made earth with nothing on it!
Then Creator made a Hummingbird. "Fly north, south, east, and west, and report to me what you see," the Creator said.
"All is well," the Humming bird reported.
However, the earth was spinning around, jumping, and dancing. Creator put poles under the earth and the earth stood still. Then, the Creator sang four times, "Earth is made."
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